Different countries of the world are constantly exposed to terrorist attacks. Unfortunately, terrorist attacks do not go unnoticed by universities. Today, 12 years have passed since the terrorist attack at the SOCAR. This terrorist incident is included in the list of terrorist incidents in universities around the world. We remember with deep sorrow the victims of the terrible terror in the Azerbaijani State Oil Company and ask God to have mercy on them.
We present to you the terrorist attacks that have taken place in the world’s universities over the years.
- On July 31, 2002, the Palestinian militant group Hamas attacked the Hebrew University of Israel. (Hebrew University) A terrorist attack took place during lunch at a crowded cafe at the Frank Sinatra International Student Center in the building on Mount Scopus. Nine people, including five U.S. students, were killed and about 100 were injured in the attack. Six of the dead were women and three were men. Among the injured were Israelis, Arabs, four Americans and three South Korean students. The bombing took place during the spring exam session, when Hebrew language courses were being taught. Minutes after the blast, students were evacuated from the university building, which was covered in blood. The air smelled of smoke and corpses. The terrorist act was condemned by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan and some countries. In February 2015, a U.S. judge in Manhattan’s Federal District Court ruled that the Palestinian Authority and the Palestine Liberation Organization were responsible for supporting and financing these terrorist attacks and demanded $ 218.5 million in compensation.
- On the morning of April 30, 2009, an armed man entered the building of the Azerbaijan State Oil Academy began firing at those around him. As a result of the attack, 13 people were killed and 10 were injured. 3 of the injured are foreign citizens. Two of them are Sudanese and one is a Syrian citizen. According to the investigation, the murderer was 29-year-old Farda Asad oglu Gadirov, a resident of Marnueli, Georgia. The perpetrator shot himself.
- November 28, 2016 at Watts Hall, Ohio State University, Ohio. A terrorist attack took place at around 09:52 in the morning. The terrorist, Somali refugee Abdul Razak Ali Artan, was shot dead by a university police officer, and 13 people were injured and hospitalized. Authorities are investigating whether the attack was a terrorist act. The next day, law enforcement officials said Artan was inspired by the terrorist propaganda of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the late radical Muslim cleric Anwar al-Awlaki. Amaq News Agency published a statement claiming that the attacker responded to the call of the ISIS coalition to attack the citizens, but no evidence of direct contact between the group and Artan was found. 9 of the victims are students, 1 is a teacher and 1 is a university employee. The identities of the other two were unknown. The identities of the victims were fully identified by November 30 and made public.
- In 2016, he entered Bacha Khan University in Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. there was a terrorist attack. Armed men entered the university at around 9.30am, using a thick morning mist, and opened fire on students and teachers in classrooms and dormitories. There was an armed clash between terrorists and Pakistani security forces, and ambulances lined up in front of the main gate. The moment of the terror was broadcast live on Pakistani television, with footage of anxious parents consoling each other and footage of soldiers entering the town. Hours later, the army said four terrorists had been killed and the clean-up operation was over. In the afternoon, the provincial minister said 30 people had been killed in the attack, but that the death toll could rise. Nasir, a 23-year-old student who survived, said he had counted more than 50 bodies and that gunmen had targeted anyone who came in front of them indiscriminately: “They fired directly at the students.”
- In 2018 at the Kerch Polytechnic College in Kerch The attack was carried out by a student on Wednesday. The attack killed 19 students, injured more than 50, and killed the attacker. In this regard, the authorities had different interpretations. Although some said there was a gas explosion, witnesses later said bullets were found in the bodies. Crimean regional leader Sergei Aksionov said on television that the attacker was a local student. The Investigative Committee determined that the attacker was 18-year-old Vladislav Roslyakov. He said the moment he entered the college with a rifle and opened fire on students was recorded by security cameras. After the attack, security measures were strengthened in the Crimea and around the Black Sea.
- January 5, 2020 is tough more than 50 masked men armed with pieces of wood, acid and various means Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University campus attacked. More than 39 students and teachers were injured in the attack. Many students were seriously injured. The terrorists also attacked professors trying to intervene in the attack, protect students, and ambulances carrying wounded people. Witnesses said police in the town did not intervene to stop the terrorists. The attack, which lasted three hours, was simply watched by police from the sidelines, and the terrorists eventually fled. 36 injured students were released within 24 hours. Injured students and opposition parties have blamed some political parties and student groups for the attack. ABVP, India’s nationalist organization, has denied allegations of involvement in the attack and blamed the leftist party. On January 6, Anima Sonkar, the ABVP’s co-secretary for Delhi, admitted that the two gunmen seen in videos of the incident on television were members of the ABVP. Although no evidence has been released, the attack is believed to have been orchestrated to prevent students from raising their voices against the annual fee increase and the Citizenship Change Act. Indian police have identified several suspects in the attack and have simply been warned. No further action was taken in connection with the incident, the suspects’ traces were lost and the police quietly closed the incident.
- The last university in the world to be attacked by terrorists Kabul University is located in the capital of Afghanistan. November 2 at Kabul University An explosion occurred during the opening of the Afghanistan-Iran Friendship Book Fair with the participation of high-ranking officials, after which a group of armed men opened fire on people near the law faculty of the university. As a result, 35 people died. Many of the wounded were hospitalized in moderate to severe condition. Afghan special services were called to the scene. Three militants were killed in the attack. The Afghan government has declared November 3 a day of national mourning.
Most students have certain fears about terrorist attacks in higher education. Even for this reason, there are many students who graduate from the university by distance. The International Journal of Society Researches conducted a survey among students at many universities around the world on “Assessing the Fear of Terrorism in University Students.” In 2018-2019, this survey was conducted at Istanbul University in Turkey.
In a survey of 276 university students, 87.7% thought that the terrorist attacks had a negative psychological impact on their daily lives, 85.2% expressed concern about the future of the country due to terrorist attacks, and 63.5% he is considering studying in another country simply for security reasons. 72.8% of participants expressed concern that they and 75.4% of their relatives would be attacked when they were away.
It should be noted that many universities, high schools, vocational schools and colleges in different countries of the world have been attacked by certain armed groups or any terrorist group. For example, a few years ago in the United States, a 12-year-old student used a firearm to target teachers and students, and many people were injured and killed.